Southern Leyte had a total population of 421,750 as of 2015 (PSA Census of Population). This represented about 10 percent of the total population of Region VIII. The population of Southern Leyte was growing at the rate of 1.17 percent in 2000–2007, which was higher compared with Region VIII’s growth rate of 1.16 percent and lower compared with the national growth rate of 2.11 percent.