Southern Leyte’s topography is characterized by relatively flat lands along the coastal areas, which give way to rugged and mountainous lands toward the interior. Several mountain ranges are found in Southern Leyte. The mountains with the highest elevations include Mt. Bitanhuan in Libagon, Mt. Nacolod in Silago, and Mt. Milo in Sogod with 977, 924, and 900 meters above sea level, respectively. 

Two mountains, Mount Cabalian and Mount Nelangcapan, are classified inactive volcanoes. A smaller mountain system is found at the western part of the province while young volcanic rocks cover the top of the southern mountain range of the Pacific and Panaon areas.