The 2000 NSO Census showed a total of 72,400 occupied housing units in Southern Leyte. Majority of these (97 percent) were single houses. Duplex units comprised 1.26 percent, multi-unit residential buildings, at 0.6 percent, commercial/industrial/agricultural buildings at 0.24 percent, institutional living quarters at 0.04 percent, and other housing units at 0.02 percent. Not reported comprised 0.86 percent.
Of the total 72,894 households in the province, 44.4 percent had owned/amortized lots, 13.42 percent rented their lots, 37.69 percent were occupying at the rent-free lots with consent of the owner, 0.49 percent were living at rent-free lots without the consent of the owner, and 3.98 percent were not reported.
The total occupied housing units in the province totaled 72,400, of which 45,943 units or 63.5 percent need minor or no repair; 15,572 or 21.5 percent need major repair; and 499 or 0.7 percent were dilapidated or condemned.
Out of the 72,400 total occupied housing units, 10,329 or 14.3 percent had a floor area of less than 10 square meters (m2); 16,216 units or 22.4 percent had 10–19 sq. m.; 14,095 units or 19.5 percent had 20–29 sq. m.; and 13,705 or 18.9 percent had 30–49 sq. m.
The total occupied housing units of 72,400 used diverse construction materials for the outer walls and roof. Some 16,478 units or 22.8 percent of these had concrete/brick/stone outer walls. About 15,615 units or 94.8 percent used galvanized iron/aluminum; 101 units or 0.6 percent used tile/concrete/clay tiles; while 127 units or 0.8 percent used half galvanized iron and half concrete.
Majority of these units used bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa as outer walls. Of the total 22,533 units, 6,174 used galvanized iron/aluminum for roofing, and 238 units used half galvanized and half concrete roofing.
Another 19,033 units or 26.3 percent of the occupied housing units used wood for the outer walls. Roofing of around 12,377 units used galvanized iron/aluminum, 43 units or 0.23 percent used tile/concrete/clay tile roof, while 278 units or 0.8 percent used half galvanized iron and half concrete.
About 12,165 units or 16.8 percent used wood for the outer walls. Roofing of these units were 80.6 percent galvanized iron/aluminum, 0.25 percent tile/concrete/clay tile, and 5.4 percent half galvanized iron and half concrete.
The rest of these units used other materials for outer walls, such as galvanized iron/aluminum (172 units), asbestos (54 units), glass (11 units), makeshift/salvage/improved materials (503 units), others not reported (1,350 units), and no walls (81 units).
In 2006, the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) launched a project known as “Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS)” that conducted a household-based survey. One of the information derived from this survey was the percentage of households living in makeshift housing. Results showed that 4,062 or 5 percent of the total households in the province were living in makeshift housing.
Also taken from CBMS in 2006 was the number of informal settlers in the province totaling 3,961 households, comprising 6 percent.